Our Vocab study is going to focus on Tier 2 and 3 words. Our goal is to broaden the vocabulary of every student to maximize learning and growth within our reading!!
• Tier One – Most basic words – Rarely require instruction in school – Examples: clock, baby, happy – Instruction adds productivity to an individual’s ability – Examples: coincidence, absurd, industrious
•Tier Two – Roll they play in literacy – Characterize written text – Not so common in everyday language – Come from interaction with text **If your student is not coming across these words in their daily reading (novel or non-fiction books...for example) they need to choose a higher level book. These words are challenging them and helping to build on their vocabulary and knowledge base. :)
• Tier Three – Words whose frequency of use is quite low and is often limited to specific domains –best learned when needed in a content area – Examples: isotope, lathe, peninsula (specific to a curriculum)
TIER 2 Words
gist - to get the idea or point the text is trying to make
annotate - to take notes in a meaningful manner (helps to keep focused)
evidence - the proof from the text to answer any questions or show understanding
learning target - the goal of the lesson, what I should be learning
plagiarism - copy/steal another person's work without properly citing or quoting
archive - a place where public records or other historic documents are kept
TIER 3 Words
plot - any event or part of a sequence that occurs in the story/novel (T3 word)
character - the animals or people in the story
setting - where and when the story takes place
climax - the action builds to it's highest point
exposition - the beginning of the story, the character and setting are introduced
resolution - the story comes to an end, the conflict is resolved and loose ends are tied up
point of view - the perspective from which the story is told
first person POV (point of view) - the perspective of the character, the character refers to him or herself as I, me, my, we and our
second person POV - this perspective is used for instruction or persuasion and gives a type of command, the writer uses you and you
third person POV - this perspective is from a narrator's point of view. The narrator refers to other characters in story as he, she, him, her, they, them, or a name.
third person limited - this perspective is from the narrator's point of view, however tells the thoughts and feelings of ONE character
third person omnicient - this perspective is from the narrator's point of view, however tells the thoughts and feelings of ALL the characters
conflict - a struggle or argument between 2 or more characters
3 types of external conflicts:
man vs. man - when a character has a conflict with another character
man vs. nature - when the character has a conflict with a wild animal or a natural disaster or bad weather in general
man vs. society - when the character has a conflict with the law/government, culture, traditional experience, etc.
1 type of internal conflict -
man vs. self - when the character has a conflict within his/her mind, a bodily injury, or a disease or sickness.
synonym - a word that is similar in meaning
antonym - a word that means the opposite of
paraphrasing - taking the words of another's writing and conveying the message in one's own words
main idea - the most important or central thought in a paragraph or larger section of text, which tells the reader what the text is about
text structure - refers to how the information within a written text is organized
primary source - this is a document or physical object which was written or created during a time period under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event
secondary source - these sources are one or more steps removed from the event
Figurative Language – 1. the tools we use to write with 2. It is not meant to be literal
For Comparison and Contrast
Simile – comparing at least 2 things using like or as
*the stove is as hot as a volcano
*the dog’s fur was like snow
Metaphor – comparing 2 things without using like or as *will also say one thing/person is/was/has another.
*My sister is a bear.
*He has a heart of gold
*Her mind was a freight train.
Gives details or is descriptive
Personification – giving human characteristics to an inanimate (nonliving) object
*The tree was howling and whistling.
*The grass had a blanket of snow.
Idiom – an expression whose meaning is not meant exactly how it’s spoken
Onomatopoeia - a word used to give off a sound
Catchy or provide a rhythm
Alliteration - a repetition of the beginning consonant sound
* Sally soaked up some rays.
* We are taking top honors tonight.
impact - the influence or the result of something
explain - to clarify or give a detailed understanding of the topic
evaluate - to judge or assess "something"
compare - to see how things are alike
contrast - to see how things are different
infer - a conclusion based on background knowledge/evidence
identify - how to recognize a thing, to point out, visually see and choose, observe
- we often identify text evidence in a story, passage, or article (text) (powerword)
convey - to explain or send a message, a common way of communicating, getting your point across, a form of verbal or written understanding (powerword)
summarize - a brief statement of main points
predict - an educated guess about what happens next
anti - against or oppose to (anticlimax)
peri - around or about (perimeter)
en - to put into or onto (enclosed)
In - not
dis - not
ex - out of
pre - before
re - again
vita - life
demo - people
cogn - know
hyper - over (hyperactive)
luna - moon (lunar)
octa - eight (octagon)
gyro - turn (gyroscope)
contra - against (contrast)